General sekretariat Leopold II. str., Thuin,
: Jennifer Mulholland & Raymond Triquet.
OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 10.03.2004.
F.C.I. : Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid breeds-
Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
Section 2.1. Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type.
Without working trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE :
Typically a molossoid breed. Powerful bones, rectangular and compact
structure, but harmonious and well proportioned. Displays, together
with a massive body, a great amount of concentrated agility which is
easily perceived. Bitches must show a well defined feminity which
clearly distinguishes them from males.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
· The muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull.
· The length of the body, measured from the point of the sternum to the
point of buttock, is equal to height at the withers plus 10%.
: Courage, determination and outstanding braveness are
part of its characteristics. With its owners and family it is docile,
obedient and extremely tolerant with children. Its loyalty is
proverbial, insistingly seeking the company of its master. One of its
characteristics is its aloofness towards strangers. It displays a calm
disposition, distinctive self-assurance and self-confidence, remaining
unperturbed by strange noises or circumstances. An unsurpassed guardian
of properties, it also instinctively indulges in big game hunting and
: In repose it is calm; noble and full of
self-assurance. Never displaying a bored or absent expression. When
alert, its expression should reflect determination conveyed by a firm,
: The Fila head is big, heavy and massive, always
proportionate to the whole body. From a top view it resembles a
trapezoid figure into which a pear shape is inserted.
CRANIAL REGION :
The profile of the skull shows a smooth curve from the stop to the
occiput, which is well defined and protuberant specially in puppies.
From a front view it is large, broad with the upper line slightly
curved. Lateral lines come down almost vertically, in a slight
continuous curve narrowing towards the muzzle.
: From a front view it is practically non existent. The
median groove is slight and runs up smoothly to approximately the
centre of the skull. Seen from the side, the stop is only slightly
pronounced and virtually only formed by the well developed eyebrows.
FACIAL REGION :
Well developed, broad nostrils not occupying entirely the width of the
upper jaw. Colour : black.
: Strong, broad and deep, always in harmony with the
skull. Fairly deep at the root but not deeper than long. Seen from
above, it is full under the eyes, slightly narrowing towards the middle
of the muzzle and again broadening slightly to the front line. Seen
from the side, the muzzle is straight or has a Roman line, but never
turned up. The front line of the muzzle is almost perpendicular to the
bridge of the nose with a slight depression right under the nose.
: The upper lip is thick and pendulous and overlaps the
lower lip in a perfect curve; thus the lower line of the muzzle is
almost parallel to the upper line. The lower lip is tight and firm to
the fangs and from there on it is loose with dented borders ending at
the corners which are always apparent. The muzzle has a good depth at
the root but without surpassing the length. Edges of the lips form a
deep inverted “U”.
The teeth are significantly wider than long. Strong and white. Upper
incisors are broad at their root and taper to the edge. Canines are
powerful, well set and well apart. The ideal bite is a scissor bite but
a level bite is acceptable.
: From medium to large size, almond shaped, spaced well
apart, medium to deep set. Permissible colours - from dark brown to
yellow, always in accordance to the colour of the coat. Due to the
loose skin many individuals present drooping lower eyelids which are
not considered a fault as such a detail accentuate the melancholic
expression which is typical of the breed.
Pendant, large, thick, V-shaped. Broad at the base and tapering to the
ends. Rounded tips. Attached at the back of the skull, in line with the
eyes when in repose. When roused, the ears are above the original
position. The root is oblique, with the front edge higher than the back
edge. Falling over the cheeks or folded back showing the inside (rose
: Extraordinarily strong and muscled giving the impression
of a short neck. Slightly curved at the upper side and well detached
from the skull. Dewlaps at the throat.
BODY : Strong, broad and deep,
covered by thick and loose skin.
The thorax is longer than the abdomen.
Withers, in sloping line, are set well apart from each other due to the
distance between the shoulder blades. Withers are set lower than the
croup. After the withers, the upper line changes direction, ascending
smoothly to the croup. Back line shows no tendency to sway or roach
Shorter and not so deep as the thorax, showing distinctly the
separation of the two component parts. In females the lower part of the
flank is more developed. Seen from above, the loin is narrower than the
thorax and croup but should not form a waistline.
Broad, long, sloping at angle of approximately 30 degrees to the
horizontal and ending in a smooth curve. The croup is set a little
higher than the withers. From a back view, the croup is ample almost as
wide as the chest and can be even broader for females.
Well sprung ribs though not interfering with the position of shoulder.
Deep and broad chest reaching to the level of the elbows. Well
A long chest and parallel to the ground in all its extension. Slightly
tucked up but never whippety.
Very wide at the root, medium set, tapering rapidly to reach the hocks.
When the dog is alert, the tail is raised high and the curve at the
extremity is more accentuated. Should not be carried curled over the
back nor touch it.
The length of the leg, from the ground to the elbow, should be half of
the height from the ground to the withers.
: The shoulder structure should be composed by two bones
of equal length (scapula and humerus); the former at 45 degrees to the
horizontal and the latter 90 degrees to the scapula. The scapla-humerus
articulation forms the point of shoulder which is situated at the same
level but slightly behind the point of sternum. In the ideal position,
the point of shoulder should be half way from elbow to withers. An
imaginary perpendicular line coming down from the withers should cut
the elbow and reach the foot.
The limbs must be parallel. Strong and straight bones.
joint (wrist) :
Strong and apparent.
Short, slightly sloping.
: Strong and well arched toes not too close together. The
dog stands on thick toes and pads which are long, broad and deep. In
the correct position, the feet should point forward. Strong, dark
nails; white nails permissible when the corresponding toes are white.
Less heavy boned than forelegs but never appearing thin compared to the
overall build. Hindlegs are parallel.
Broad with curved outline shaped by strong muscles coming from the
ilium and ischium which design the curve of the buttocks and for this
reason the ischium must have a good length.
(hock) : Strong.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern) : Slightly sloping, longer than the
metacarpus. Moderately angled stifle and hock.
: A little more oval than the forefeet but the otherwise
identical. Should not present dewclaws.
Long and elastic feline-like strides whose principal characteristic is
the pace; a two beat lateral gait in which the legs of each side move
back and forth exactly as a pair (“camel’s pace” or amble) causing a
rolling or rocking motion of the thorax and hips accentuated by the
tail when carried erect. When walking, it carries the head lower than
the back line. The trot is smooth, free and effortless with a long,
powerful and reaching stride. The gallop is powerful, attaining
unsuspected speed for such a large and heavy dog. Due to its
articulations, typical of molossoids, the Fila’s movements not only
give the impression but actually allow him to make sudden and rapid
changes of direction.
SKIN : One of the most important
breed characteristics is the thick, loose skin over the whole body,
chiefly at the neck forming pronounced dewlaps and many times it can
extend to the brisket and abdomen. Some individuals present a fold at
the sides of the head, also at the withers running down to the
shoulders. If the dog is in repose, the head should be free from
wrinkles. When alert, the dog raises its ears and the contraction of
the skin on the skull forms small longitudinal wrinkles between the
Short, smooth, dense and close to the body.
Any solid colours are permitted except the disqualifying ones. Brindles
with a solid coat and more or less dark stripes. A black mask may or
may not be present. In all permitted colours white marks are allowed on
the feet, chest and tip of tail. White markings on other parts of the
coat are considered a fault.
SIZE AND WEIGHT :
at withers :
from 65 cm (25.6 ins) to 75 cm (29.5 ins) at the shoulder.
: from 60 cm (23.6 ins) to 70 cm (27.5 ins)
at the shoulder.
minimum : 50 kgs (100 pounds).
: minimum : 40 kgs (80 pounds).
from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the
seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact
proportion to its degree.
SERIOUS FAULTS :
· Short muzzle.
· Small ears.
· Highly set ears.
· Excessively light coloured eyes.
· Wrinkles when the dog is in repose.
· Undershot bite.
· Double chin (folds in front of dewlap).
· Sway back.
· Very narrow croup.
· Curled tail carried over the back.
· Chest insufficiently deep.
· Pronounced deviation of pastern or rear pastern.
· Over angulated hindquarters (sickle hocks).
· Short steps (poor reach).
VERY SERIOUS FAULTS :
· Apathy and timidity.
· Square build.
· Small head.
· Pronounced stop seen from the front.
· Short upper lip.
· Protruding eyes. Round eyes. Lack of pigmentation on eyelids.
· Lack of 2 teeth except PM1 (first premolars).
· Lack of dewlaps.
· Roach back or level back.
· Excessive tuckup.
· Light bones. Lack of substance.
· Cow hocks.
· Lack of angulation at the hindquarters (straight hocks).
· White markings exceeding 1/4th (one fourth) of the body.
· Height exceeding the maximum.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
· Aggressive or overly shy.
· Flesh-coloured nose.
· Overshot bite.
· Undershot bite with teeth visible when the mouth is closed.
· Lack of 1 canine or 1 molar except the 3rd one.
· Wall eyes.
· Cropped ears or docked tail.
· Croup lower than the withers.
· Dog not walking at camel’s pace.
· Skin not loose and supple.
· All dogs which are white, mouse-grey, carrying small or large marks;
black and tan, blue.
· Height inferior to the minimum.
· Cryptorchids or monorchids, use of artificial methods to produce
certain effects, albinism, lack of type.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural
abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should
have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.